State Bureau of Investigation
The State Bureau of Investigation (Derzhavne Bureau Roslesduvan) is a law enforcement agency of Ukraine, the creation of which is provided for by the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine until November 20, 2017.
The ideology of the department is that it will investigate criminal proceedings in which law enforcement officers, judges and senior officials appear (from ministers to the chiefs of state administrations).
The GDB will finally assume the function of pre-trial (preliminary) investigation from the prosecutor’s office. The latter is engaged in investigation since 1996 on a temporary basis – in accordance with paragraph 9 of the Transitional Provisions of the Constitution of Ukraine.
The Law of Ukraine on the State Bureau of Investigation was adopted on November 12, 2015, signed by the President on January 14, 2016, entered into force on March 1, 2016.
It is expected that the GDB will fully work in September 2018.
According to the current Criminal Procedure Code, the organs of the State Bureau of Investigation are the bodies of pre-trial investigation (bodies that conduct inquiry and pre-trial investigation).
Officials of investigative units of the GDB are investigators. They carry out pre-trial investigation of crimes:
the Prime Minister of Ukraine, a member of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the first deputy and deputy minister, a member of the National Council of Ukraine for Television and Radio Broadcasting, the National Commission for State Regulation in the Field of Financial Services Markets, the National Commission for Valuable papers and the stock market, the Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine, the Chairman of the State Television and Radio Broadcasting Committee of Ukraine, the chairman of the F nda of the state property of Ukraine, his first deputy and deputy, member of the Central Election Commission, people’s deputy of Ukraine, the Ukrainian Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights, the Director of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine, the Prosecutor General of Ukraine, his first deputy and deputy, the Chairman of the National Bank of Ukraine, his First Deputy and Deputy Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine, his First Deputy and Permanent Representative the President of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, his first deputy and deputy, adviser or assistant to the President of Ukraine, the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the Prime Minister of Ukraine, a judge, a law enforcement officer, a person whose position is classified as “A” when the pre-trial investigation of these crimes is attributed to the investigation of the NABU;
committed by officials of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine, all prosecutors of the Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office, except when the pre-trial investigation of these crimes is attributed to the investigation of the NABU;
against the established procedure for military service (war crimes), except for the crimes provided for in Article 422 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine.
That is, the GBR (DBR) is an investigative body that takes over the functions of the Investigation Department of the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine and the functions of investigators of the military prosecutor’s office. Such is the mix. The GDB will not only have to deal with VIP cases, but will also conduct ordinary investigations into war crimes. What caused such a combination and whether one direction would interfere with the implementation of another, let’s look at practice.
Today recruitment for various positions in the GBD is being carried out. We remind you that with the appearance of the GDB, other state bodies are not liquidated. The investigation remains in the Security Service, the Police and the State Fiscal Service.
President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a decree appointing Roman Pipe Director of the State Bureau of Investigation.